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    galois
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    heeeeeeeey!! i'm the best!

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    Localisation : tata centre akka/sud-est de maroc
    Date d'inscription : 21/02/2007

    anglais pour les bachelier

    Message par galois le Lun 10 Mar - 7:25

    بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم وصلى الله وسلم على خاتم النبيئين والمرسليين سيدنا محمد صلوات الله عليه
    السلام عليكم أصدقائي الكرام- تحياتي لزوار قسم المناهج التعليمية

    هدفنا الأسمى هو خلق جو من الاستفادة

    Today my friends, i am going to explain a new lesson. And i hope that everyone will understand it easily. The lesson is "The Passive Voice



    Please try to read what i say carefully. if you want to understand this lesson you have to know the 'To Be'. now

    let us see the verb to be

    In the present

    Is /are

    In the past

    Was/ were

    Present perfect

    Has been/ have been

    Past perfect

    Had been



    now, try to grasp what i am going to do

    We can start with this easy example

    * Ahmed reads short stories

    We should ask ourselves a question: Ahmed reads WHAT???? now

    Short stories

    So we want to rewrite the sentence given in the passive voice

    so this action is in the present, so we will use to be in the present. To be in the present is /is or Are

    Because we have SHORT STORIES we have to use ARE

    Also the verb is read, now we will need the past participale of this verb

    now we can say

    Short stories are read by Ali

    Now, i will give an other example

    * They listen to slow music

    So this action is the present. now we have to use TO BE in the present

    We should ask ourselves, they listen to What?

    Slow music (is singular) so we will put IS when we want to rewite the sentence given in the passive

    now we can say

    Slow music is listened (by them) .

    Listened is the past participal of the verb TO LISTEN



    Now, we are going to see some examples in the past

    First, when we have an action in the past and we want to rewrite it in the passive form, we have to use To Be in the past. for example

    Salma did the exercise

    Now we will put The exercise. the action is in the past. we have to use To be in the past. it WAS/WERE. because The exercise is singular we have to use Was

    Now we can say

    The exercise was done by Salma

    Done is the past participal of the verb given in the exapmle (did)

    Let us a second exaple to clarify this

    *William Shakespeare wrote terrific poems

    We will start with TERRIFIC POEMS

    The action is the past, so we have to use To Be in the past

    now we can say

    Terrific Poems were written (by W.S





    بالنسبة للتلاميد اللدين لم يستوعبوا بعد فلا يفقدون الأمل فما زلت أشرح وبالتالي حاولواالتتبع



    Now, we will see some examples in the present perfect and past perfect

    Please try to look carefully

    * Mohammed the sixth has visited Rabat

    Because the action is the present perfect, we have to use the verb to be in the present perfect too

    Now, we can say

    Rabat has been visited by Mohammed the sixth

    Rabat is singular, so this is the reason why we used Has been

    and Visited is the past participal of the verb Visit

    Look carefully, i will give a second example

    *Kamal has watched war films

    So, we are going to start with War Films

    War Films are plural, so we have to put Have been

    Now we can say,

    War fims have been watched by Kamal

    Now look at this last example in the past perfect

    * They had bought a computer

    The action is in the past perfect, so we have to put the verb to be in the past perfect

    A computer had been bought (by them

    Bought is the past participal of Buy



    But when we have a verb given with ING

    please try to look carefully, you may find some difficulties

    now i will give some examples

    for example

    He is playing a soccer match

    so the action is in the present progressive

    so we can say easily

    A soccer match is being played by him

    so IS is the verb to be in the present. and because we have the verb given followed by Ing we used Being. and Played is the past participal of the verb PLAY



    Now look at this sentence

    The action is in the past progressive

    * Fatima was reading a newspaper

    So because the action is in the past, we have to use To Be in the past. and because we have the verb To Read followed by Ing we have to put Being. and the past participal of Read is Read

    So we can say

    A newspaper was being read by Fatima

    (By Fatima is optional







    Look at this example carefully. Going to+ verb

    He is going to organize a party

    So we can say

    A party is going to be organized (by him



    look at this second example

    He is going to do two exercises

    now we can say

    Two exercises are going to be done (by him

    We used Are because we have Two exercises (they are plural







    Now, be carefully

    we will use the models

    the models are (will+ can+may+must+can't+have to....

    Look at these examples. they are easy enough to be understood



    * Students must do the homework

    Now we can say

    The homework must be done by students

    We put the model given in the sentense+ be in the infinitive+ the past participal of the verb given

    The second example

    Ali may find a solution

    Now we can say

    A solution may be found by Ali

    An other example

    He has to send the letters

    We can say

    The letters have to be sent (by him

    We used HAVE because we the letters and it's plural

    I hope that everyone will understand this lesson



    Exercise

    Rewrite these sentences as indicated

    1- Eveyone must respect the law

    2- My mother was cooking lunch

    3- Fatima is going to start her business

    4-He should play sport

    5- Adil has got good marks

    6- He was seeking a job

    7- People shouldn't consider women as inferior to men

    8- Oprah Winfrey will open a new morning talk show on MBC TV channel

    9- English people still keep Princess Diana in mind

    10- My sister cleaned the house by herself



    Good luck
    man9ol li2ifada


    _________________

    الفيزياء عالة على الرياضيات والرياضيات هبة الله سبحانه وتعالى

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